How to compile TensorFlow 1.12 on Ubuntu 16.04 using Docker

Share on linkedin
Share on twitter
Share on facebook
Share on whatsapp
Share on pocket

This tutorial will help you set up TensorFlow 1.12 on Ubuntu 16.04 with a GPU using Docker and Nvidia-docker.

TensorFlow is one of the most popular deep-learning libraries. It was created by Google and was released as an open-source project in 2015. TensorFlow is used for both research and production environments. Installing TensorFlow can be cumbersome. The difficulty varies based on your environment constraints, and more when you’re a data scientist that just wants to build your neural networks.

When using TensorFlow on GPU – setting up requires a few steps. In the following tutorial, we will go over the process required to setup TensorFlow.


Step 1 – Prepare your environment with Docker and Nvidia-Docker

Docker is a tool designed to make it easier to create, deploy, and run applications by using containers. What exactly is a container? Containers allow data scientists and developers to wrap up an environment with all of the parts it needs – such as libraries and other dependencies – and ship it all out in one package.

To use docker with GPUs and to be able to use TensorFlow in your application, you’ll need to install Docker with Nvidia-Docker. If you already have those installed, move to the next step. Otherwise, you can follow our previous guide to installing nvidia docker.


Step 2 – Dockerfile

Docker can build images (environments) automatically by reading the instructions from a Dockerfile. A Dockerfile is a text document that contains all the commands a user could call on the command line to assemble an image.

In our case, those commands will describe the installation of Python 3.6, CUDA 9 and CUDNN 7.2.1 – and of course the installation of TensorFlow 1.12 from source.

For this environment, we will use the following Dockerfile, which you can find here

Step 3 – Running Dockerfile

To build the image from the Dockerfile, simply run the docker build command. Keep in mind that this build process might take a few hours to complete. We recommend using nohup utility so that if your terminal hangs – it will still run.

$ docker build -t deeplearning -f Dockerfile

This should output the setup process and should end with something similar to:

>> Successfully built deeplearning (= the image ID)

Your image is ready to use. To start the environment, simply type in the below command. But, don’t forget to replace your image id:

$ docker run --runtime=nvidia -it deeplearning /bin/bash

Step 4 – Validating TensorFlow & start building!

Validate that TensorFlow is indeed running in your Dockerfile

$ python
>> import tensorflow as tf
>> sess = tf.Session(config=tf.ConfigProto(log_device_placement=True))
2019-02-23 07:34:14.592926: I
tensorflow/core/platform/] Your CPU supports
instructions that this TensorFlow binary was not compiled to use: AVX2 FMA
2019-02-23 07:34:17.452780: I
tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/] successful NUMA
node read from SysFS had negative value (-1), but there must be at least
one NUMA node, so returning NUMA node zero
2019-02-23 07:34:17.453267: I
tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/] Found device 0 with
name: Tesla K80 major: 3 minor: 7 memoryClockRate(GHz): 0.8235
pciBusID: 0000:00:1e.0
totalMemory: 11.17GiB freeMemory: 11.10GiB
2019-02-23 07:34:17.453306: I
tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/] Adding visible gpu
devices: 0
2019-02-23 07:34:17.772969: I
tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/] Device interconnect
StreamExecutor with strength 1 edge matrix:
2019-02-23 07:34:17.773032: I
tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/]      0
2019-02-23 07:34:17.773054: I
tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/] 0:   N
2019-02-23 07:34:17.773403: I
tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/] Created TensorFlow
device (/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:GPU:0 with 10757 MB memory)
-> physical GPU (device: 0, name: Tesla K80, pci bus id: 0000:00:1e.0,
compute capability: 3.7)
Device mapping:
/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:XLA_CPU:0 -> device: XLA_CPU device
/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:XLA_GPU:0 -> device: XLA_GPU device
/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:GPU:0 -> device: 0, name: Tesla K80,
pci bus id: 0000:00:1e.0, compute capability: 3.7
2019-02-23 07:34:17.774289: I
tensorflow/core/common_runtime/] Device mapping:
/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:XLA_CPU:0 -> device: XLA_CPU device
/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:XLA_GPU:0 -> device: XLA_GPU device
/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:GPU:0 -> device: 0, name: Tesla K80,
pci bus id: 0000:00:1e.0, compute capability: 3.7

Congrats! Your new TensorFlow environment is set up and ready to start training, testing and deploying your deep learning models!

Announcing CORE, a free ML Platform for the community to help data scientists focus more on data science and less on technical complexity

Download cnrvg CORE for Free

By submitting this form, I agree to’s
privacy policy and terms of service.